By Hasia Diner, Gennady Estraikh
The 12 months 1929 represents an immense turning element in interwar Jewish society, proving to be a yr whilst Jews, despite the place they lived, observed themselves plagued by advancements that came about worldwide, because the crises continued by means of different Jews turned a part of the transnational Jewish cognizance. within the usa, the inventory industry crash introduced lasting fiscal, social, and ideological adjustments to the Jewish neighborhood and constrained its skill to help humanitarian and nationalist tasks in different international locations. In Palestine, the anti-Jewish riots in Hebron and different cities underscored the vulnerability of the Zionist firm and ignited heated discussions between numerous Jewish political teams concerning the knowledge of building a Jewish kingdom on its historic website. whilst, within the Soviet Union, the consolidation of strength within the arms of Stalin created a way more dogmatic weather within the overseas Communist circulation, together with its Jewish branches. Featuring a glowing array of students of Jewish background, 1929 surveys the Jewish global in a single yr supplying transparent examples of the transnational connections which associated Jews to every other—from politics, international relations, and philanthropy to literature, tradition, and the destiny of Yiddish—regardless of the place they lived. Taken jointly, the essays in 1929 argue that, even if American, Soviet, German, Polish, or Palestinian, Jews in the course of the international lived in an international context. Hasia Diner is Paul S. and Sylvia Steinberg Professor of yank Jewish background, Skirball division of Hebrew and Judaic reports at ny collage. She is the writer of the award-winning We consider with Reverence and Love: American Jews and the parable of Silence after the Holocaust, 1945-1962 (NYU Press, 2009). Gennady Estraikh is affiliate Professor of Yiddish stories, Skirball division of Hebrew and Judaic reviews at long island University. In the Goldstein-Goren sequence in American Jewish History
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Additional resources for 1929: Mapping the Jewish World (The Goldstein-Goren Series in American Jewish History)
For instance, artisans would get twenty to twenty-five roubles a month. Since fifteen to twenty roubles had to be paid for accommodation and taxes, such a monthly income consigned them and their families to poverty. 4 38 << Gennady Estraikh In 1924, two agencies responsible for Jewish agricultural colonization were formed in the Soviet Union: the governmental Committee for the Settlement of Jewish Toilers on the Land (KOMZET) and the Association for the Settlement of Jewish Toilers on the Land (OZET).
From the beginning of the decade, the leaders of the Jewish diplomatic effort had thus cast about for ways to activate the international minorities protection system on their behalf. There had been disagreement among them over how best to do so. Some, like Wolf, had concentrated on rectifying what they saw as the system’s procedural flaws; others, including Reich, had explored ways of bringing pressure to bear on both the international community and the individual east European states, including forging (or threatening to forge) political alliances with other minorities, organizing systematic press campaigns in various countries to rally public opinion to Jewish causes, and establishing an international Jewish organization that would represent world Jewry in the diplomatic arena with a single unified voice.
Soltes, The Yiddish Press. 15. The American Jewish Committee maintained a Statistical Department, and reflecting its understanding of itself as not just an American Jewish organization with concern for the fate of American Jewry, it collected and analyzed data on Jews around the world. See Linfield, Statistics of Jews, as a case in point. The volume devoted thirteen pages to American Jews and their statistical profile but over fifty pages to Jews elsewhere. 26 << Hasia R. Diner 16. Jonathan Sarna, JPS: The Americanization of Jewish Culture, 1888–1988 (Philadelphia: Jewish Publication Society of America, 1989), 70–75.
1929: Mapping the Jewish World (The Goldstein-Goren Series in American Jewish History) by Hasia Diner, Gennady Estraikh