A History of the Animal World in the Ancient Near East - download pdf or read online

By B. Collins

ISBN-10: 9004121269

ISBN-13: 9789004121263

This identify matters mans touch with the animal global: sacrifice, sacred animals, vitamin, and domestication. Chapters on paintings, literature, faith and animal husbandry show an image of the complicated relationships among the peoples of the traditional close to East and (their) animals.
A reference advisor and key to the menagerie of the traditional close to East, with considerable unique illustrations.

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Extra resources for A History of the Animal World in the Ancient Near East

Example text

Further, they tend to occupy more varied habitats, even venturing close to human settlements. Their association with ruins made them a symbol of destruction and desolation in biblical literature (Borowski 1998). In addition, five species of fox are native to the Near East, two of which—Riippell's fox (Vulpes rueppelfy and the fennec (Fenmcus zerdd)—are specialized desert dwellers. The wild cat of Eurasia (Felis sylvestris) gave rise to the domestic cat (F. catus) at least as early as dynastic Egypt, but it is possible that household felines had already emerged in previous millennia.

Hippopotami have been hunted for flesh, hide, and ivory, and like their suid cousins, the pigs, they are irascible and highly aggressive when disturbed. In the Nile basin, hippos have accounted for more injury and death to humans than have crocodiles. A pygmy hippopotamus (Phanourios minutus] is known to have inhabited Cyprus at the time of the island's initial colonization, but it died out quickly due either to habitat changes or overhunting. The best evidence of its exploitation by humans was uncovered at the unique early Neolithic site of Aetokremnos, near Akrotiri (Simmons et al.

Humans often adorn themselves with parts of animals, a familiar example being shell beads (Reese 1991; Bar-Yosef Mayer 1997). Mortuary customs often bequeath to the deceased not only functional and decorative articles for the afterlife, but pets or service animals as well, interred as companions in death (Tchernov and Valla 1997). Ritual burial was taken to extremes in late period Egypt when various species (especially cats, cattle, birds, and crocodiles) were killed, mummified, and entombed by the thousands 1.

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A History of the Animal World in the Ancient Near East by B. Collins


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