A New English Primer: An Introduction to Linguistic Concepts by William R. Elkins PDF

By William R. Elkins

ISBN-10: 0333174089

ISBN-13: 9780333174081

ISBN-10: 1349155349

ISBN-13: 9781349155347

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Extra resources for A New English Primer: An Introduction to Linguistic Concepts and Systems

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Grammaticality is determined by the speaker-listener's acceptance of a given sentence as part of his language. 4· The English language is not a finite-state language; that is, the speaker-listener creates and understands an infinite number of sentences. Many of them are unique, having been neither uttered nor heard before. If a finite-state language existed, the linguist would not need to account for the creative aspect; to make a grammar, he would merely collect and classify the sentences of that language, whatever their number.

We can preserve a useful chronological viewpoint by designating the design features developed from Chomsky's Syntactic Structures as Gt Gmmmar I. We will then examine subsequent changes in Gt theory and grammar design under the heading Gt Gmmmar II. In this chapter we will examine sentence creation at the single-base level, and in Chapter Four we will expand the explanation to include complicated sentence structures. Generative-Transformational Grammar 49 GtGrammarl Chomsky's initial work proposed a three-part design consisting of phrase-structure rules, transformational rules, and morphophonemic rules.

G. 10. Note the form class of the endocentric structures. What do they tell you about the base pattern? Does the answer explain why miles is not marked Nc? Note the form class of the endocentric structures. What do they tell you about the base pattern? What might the base patterns of the deep structures be? What might the deep-structure base patterns be? What morpheme can be added to performance to prove that it is a noun word? What in the morphological composition of hastily indicates that it is an adverb?

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A New English Primer: An Introduction to Linguistic Concepts and Systems by William R. Elkins


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