By Claudio Saunt
Claudio Saunt vividly depicts a dramatic transformation within the eighteenth century that overturned the area of the robust and various Creek Indians and without end replaced the Deep South. because the Creeks gathered a fortune in livestock and slaves, new estate fostered a brand new possessiveness, and govt through coercion bred disagreement. a brand new Order of items is the 1st ebook to chronicle this decisive transformation in America's early background, a change that left deep divisions among the rich and terrible, robust and powerless.
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Additional resources for A New Order of Things: Property, Power, and the Transformation of the Creek Indians, 1733-1816 (Studies in North American Indian History)
Swanton, Social Organization, –. SCG, March . See, for example, “At a Congress held at the Fort of Picolata in the Province of East Florida . . ,” December , PRO, CO /, p. , in “British Colonial Ofﬁce Records,” :, PKY. Fair persuasions: Power among the Creeks Spanish, or French ofﬁcials inﬂuenced which side would prevail. Relations between Creek towns worked in the same way. 50 The tension between red and white emerged in relations between young people and elders and between men and women.
59 Another Christian Indian explained to a Spanish ofﬁcial in the s that a peace concluded with a Creek leader was a peace with that individual only, not with his people. ”60 No single Creek chief formulated and promulgated policies toward Spanish, English, or French colonies; rather, young warriors and experienced elders daily negotiated the balance between white and red, one side weighing more heavily than the other according to political circumstances. In , the parish priest 57 58 59 60 SCG, May .
Once a year when the annual corn crop ripened (late July or August, according to the Gregorian calendar), town members gathered together for the Poskita, or busk, a week of celebration and puriﬁcation. ”45 Occasionally, Creeks identiﬁed with large “ethnic” groupings, as well, but these groupings were declining in importance, as suggested by one native resident in . ”46 Creek towns and clans were joined by their common commitment to the white path that existed in constant tension with the red.
A New Order of Things: Property, Power, and the Transformation of the Creek Indians, 1733-1816 (Studies in North American Indian History) by Claudio Saunt