By Bernhard A. Huber
This e-book highlights African biodiversity in any respect degrees starting from molecules to ecosystems. significant subject matters are biogeography, speciation techniques, phylogenetic styles and systematics, variety decline and conservation, and utilized biodiversity informatics. The forty two contributions are totally on bugs and vertebrates, yet comprise botanical papers in addition to extra common chapters on biodiversity informatics.
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Additional info for African Biodiversity: Molecules, Organisms, Ecosystems
Scorpions allow opportunities for ecological and historical biogeographic investigation almost unparalleled among Arthropoda. One reason for using scorpions as model taxa in biogeographic studies is the antiquity of the group. Fossil records show that scorpions have existed in the terrestrial environment since the middle Silurian, over 400 MYA, and are almost unchanged today (Jeram, 1990a, 1990b, 1994a, 1994b; Selden, 1993; Sissom, 1990). Scorpion distribution patterns often reveal evidence of continental drift (Koch, 1977, 1981; Lourenço, 1984a, 1991a, 1996, 1998, 2000; Stockwell, 1989; Sissom, 1990) or palaeoclimatic change (Lourenço, 1994a, 1994b, 1996).
2003, Avoiding pitfalls of using species distribution models in conservation planning, Conserv. Biol. 14:1591-1600. Lovett, J. , 2000, Patterns of plant diversity in Africa south of the Sahara and their implications for conservation management, Biodiver. Conserv. 9:33-42. MacKinnon, J. , 1986, Review of the Protected Area System in the Afrotropical Realm, IUCN, Gland. , and du Plessis, M. , 1999, Can species data only be appropriately used to conserve biodiversity? Biodiver. Conserv. 8:603-615.
1994), of the Water Research Commission, South Africa. 3. 1 Composition of the fauna Scorpionidae and Buthidae respectively comprise 42 % and 34 % of the southern African scorpion species, whereas Liochelidae and Bothriuridae respectively comprise 22 % and 2 % thereof (Fig. 1; Table 1). Despite a similar proportion of species, buthids comprise 54 % of the southern African scorpion genera, whereas scorpionids comprise only 8 %; liochelids and bothriurids respectively comprise 22 % and 15 % thereof.
African Biodiversity: Molecules, Organisms, Ecosystems by Bernhard A. Huber