By G. Roth (auth.), Dr. Peter Kruse, Professor Dr. Michael Stadler (eds.)
Ambiguity in brain and Nature is the results of cognitive multistability, the phenomenon during which an unchanging stimulus, frequently visible, provides upward thrust within the topic to an oscillating perceptual interpretation. The vase/face photo is without doubt one of the most renowned examples.
In this publication scientists from many disciplines together with physics, biology, psychology, maths and machine technological know-how, current contemporary growth during this interesting zone of cognitive technology. utilizing the phenomenon of multistability as a paradigm they search to appreciate how that means originates within the mind by reason of cognitive methods. New advances are accomplished by means of making use of suggestions corresponding to self-organization, chaos thought and complicated platforms to the most recent result of mental and neurophysical experiments.
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Extra resources for Ambiguity in Mind and Nature: Multistable Cognitive Phenomena
Haken, H. (1991): Synergetic Computers and Cognition. Berlin: Springer. S. & Bunz, H. (1985): A theoretical model of phase transitions in human hand movements. Biological Cybernetics 51, 347 - 356. Johansson, G. (1973): Visual perception of biological motion and a model for its analysis. Perception and Psychophysics 14, 201 - 21l. , Tuller, B. & Ding, M. (1994): Multistability and metastability in perceptual and brain dynamics. In this volume. ,\) Kohler, w. (1920): Die physischen Gestalten in Ruhe und im stationaren Zustand.
We conclude that perception (always considered as a primary process leading to the constitution of visual objects) is essentially encapsulated from top-down influences. 1 Multistable displays: Exceptional but utterly natural phenomena The phenomenal world is a stable world, mostly made up of objects maintaining their features and above all maintaining their identity in a sufficiently constant manner in time. We have adjusted to living in such a world, and this explains why reversible figures like Necker's cube or Rubin faces, which appear at first like one thing, and then suddenly change and turn into something else, are considered only to be amusing tricks, having little to do with the normal vision that enables us to have an unequivocal knowledge of the external world.
Caglioti (1994) stresses the analogous behavior of some quantum systems, while Kelso et al. (1994) can explain their experimental results by means of discrete maps in the sense of intermittency. 9 Expert systems of AI, heuristics of human actions, and synergetics The concepts of order parameters, slaving principle and circular causality allow us to make contact with other fields dealing with human (and artificial) intelligence and behavior. Let us start with an approach to an expert system for medicine, that came to my attention recently by a talk by M.
Ambiguity in Mind and Nature: Multistable Cognitive Phenomena by G. Roth (auth.), Dr. Peter Kruse, Professor Dr. Michael Stadler (eds.)