Download e-book for kindle: American Holocaust: Colombus and the Conquest of the New by David E. Stannard

By David E. Stannard

ISBN-10: 0195085574

ISBN-13: 9780195085570

For 400 years-from the 1st Spanish attacks opposed to the Arawak humans of Hispaniola within the 1490s to the U.S. Army's bloodbath of Sioux Indians at Wounded Knee within the 1890s—the indigenous population of North and South the US persisted an endless firestorm of violence. in the course of that point the local inhabitants of the Western Hemisphere declined by way of as many as a hundred million humans. certainly, as historian David E. Stannard argues during this wonderful new booklet, the ecu and white American destruction of the local peoples of the Americas was once the main large act of genocide within the background of the world.

Stannard starts with a portrait of the big richness and variety of lifestyles within the Americas ahead of Columbus's fateful voyage in 1492. He then follows the trail of genocide from the Indies to Mexico and principal and South the United States, then north to Florida, Virginia, and New England, and eventually out around the nice Plains and Southwest to California and the North Pacific Coast. Stannard finds that anyplace Europeans or white american citizens went, the local humans have been stuck among imported plagues and barbarous atrocities, mostly leading to the annihilation of ninety five percentage in their populations. what sort of humans, he asks, do such horrendous issues to others? His hugely provocative solution: Christians. Digging deeply into old ecu and Christian attitudes towards intercourse, race, and struggle, he unearths the cultural flooring prepared by means of the top of the center a while for the centuries-long genocide crusade that Europeans and their descendants launched-and in areas proceed to wage-against the recent World's unique population. Advancing a thesis that's absolute to create a lot controversy, Stannard contends that the perpetrators of the yankee Holocaust drew at the related ideological wellspring as did the later architects of the Nazi Holocaust.

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Extra resources for American Holocaust: Colombus and the Conquest of the New World

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An emphasis on pride and honor-and thus on the avoidance of shame-was the primary means of adult guidance. For example, notes 30 AMERI CAN H O LOCAUST Charlevoix: "A mother on seeing her daughter behave ill bursts into tears; and upon the other's asking her the cause of it, all the answer she makes is, Thou dishonourest me. " 37 The most violent act of disapproba­ tion that a parent might use on a misbehaving child, Charlevoix and other visitors observed, was the tossing of a little water in the child's face, a gesture obviously intended more to embarrass than to harm.

C. the center of Olmec culture was located in what is now known as San Lorenzo, after which it was moved to La Venta. Here, in the symbolic shadow of their Great Pyramid-about 3,500,000 cubic feet in volume, a construction project that is estimated to have taken the equivalent of more than 2000 worker­ years to complete-the Olmecs farmed extensively, worshiped their gods, enjoyed athletic contests involving ball games and other sports, and pro­ duced art works ranging from tiny, meticulously carved, jade figurines to enormous basalt sculpted heads more than ten feet tall.

We will never know how many hundreds more such sites are buried beneath the modern cities and suburbs of the northeastern United States, but we do know that these early sedentary peoples lived in towns with houses that were circular in design and that ranged from single-family dwellings as small as twenty feet in diameter to multi-family units up to eighty feet across. These residences commonly were built in close proxim­ ity to large public enclosures of 300 feet and more in diameter that mod- 18 AMERICAN H O LO CAUST ern archaeologists have come to refer to as "sacred circles" because of their presumed use for religious ceremonial purposes.

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