By Virgil J. Vogel
The aim of this booklet, says the writer, is to teach the impression of Indian medicinal practices on white civilization. truly it achieves way more. It discusses Indian theories of illness and techniques of battling sickness or even is going into the query of which illnesses have been indigenous and which have been dropped at the Indian by means of the white guy. It additionally lists Indian medicines that experience received reputation within the Pharmacopeia of the USA and the nationwide Formulary.The effect of yankee Indian therapeutic arts at the medication and therapeutic and pharmacology of the white guy was once massive. for instance, such medicinal drugs as insulin and penicillin have been expected in rudimentary shape by means of the aborigines. Coca leaves have been used as narcotics via Peruvian Indians 1000s of years sooner than Carl Koller first used cocaine as an area anesthetic in 1884. All jointly, approximately one hundred seventy drugs, normally botanical, have been contributed to the legitimate compendia by means of Indians north of the Rio Grande, approximately 50 extra coming from natives of the Latin-American and Caribbean regions.Impressions and attitudes of early explorers, settlers, physicians, botanists, and others concerning Indian healing practices are stated by means of nation-states, with British, French, and Spanish colonies and the younger usa individually treated.Indian theories of disease—sorcery, taboo violation, spirit intrusion, soul loss, unfulfilled goals and needs, etc -and shamanistic practices used to strive against them are defined. equipment of treating every kind of injuries-from fractures to snakebite-and even surgical procedure are integrated. The impact of Indian therapeutic lore upon folks or family drugs, in addition to at the "Indian medical professionals" and patent medications, are mentioned. For the ease of the reader, an index of botanical names is supplied, including a large choice of illustrations. The disproportionate consciousness that has been given to the superstitious and unscientific beneficial properties of aboriginal drugs has tended to vague its actual contributions to American civilization.
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Additional info for American Indian Medicine
If he does so, it is said that he is simply exiled. . 5 The principle of taboo violation is illustrated among the Senecas by Arthur C. "6 It is then the task of the Otter society, one of their many medicine societies, to seek a cure by sprinkling the patient with spring water. An Indian who hunted animals or gathered herbs must always sing the necessary songs or prayers, or offer gifts of tobacco to the spirits of the animals or plants, as failure to do so might 4The Medicine Man of the American Indian and His Cultural Background, 146.
They believe there are two main causes of disease," wrote the Jesuit priest Joseph Jouvency: One of these is in the mind of the patient himself, which desires something, and will vex the body of the sick man until it possesses the thing required. For they think that there are in every man certain inborn desires, often unknown to themselves, upon which the happiness of individuals depends. ), Jesuit Relations, XLIII, 292-93. ), Indian Tribes, 112; Franz Boas, "Current Beliefs of the Kwakiutl Indians," Journal of American Folk-Lore, Vol.
The advice and encouragement of Dr. Boorstin, my principal mentor in advanced graduate work, is beyond repayment. All of my advisers guided and assisted but left me free to write what I wished, and I am to blame for any shortcomings in the final result. Valuable help and advice were given to me by Dr. Glenn Sonnedecker, of the University of Wisconsin School of Pharmacy and the American Institute of the History of Pharmacy. Among those who gave other assistance, such as providing source material or answering inquiries by mail, were Mrs.
American Indian Medicine by Virgil J. Vogel